WP25: Collection of scenarios

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Ideas and starting points

Task 2510: Research and development of common services and models to support interoperability

The first goal of the task 2510 (led by the University of Trento) of the WP25 is to gather the conceptual models, services and standards used by the APARSEN partners in order to define common conceptual models, virtualisation of data, management, storage etc to facilitate practical interoperability solutions for long-term digital preservation. To this purpose we aim at identifying concrete interoperability issues, needs and related solutions (i.e. models, standards, frameworks, services) adopted by the partners in relation to the key digital preservation areas investigated within the APARSEN project. The final aim is to define a matrix, which combines the levels of interoperability with the areas of digital preservation and the interoperability objects, providing an interoperability conceptual framework for digital preservation that can be used as a starting point to conduct further analysis and design concrete interoperability services. Since several specific interoperability issues and solutions have been already studied in other WPs of the project and are experienced by many partners in their daily work activities, our idea is to exploit this internal knowledge by asking to the APARSEN partners to provide some preliminary information on this topic. This process should represent a first step toward a stakeholder-based comprehension of the interoperability landscape and a good example of the knowledge sharing within the APARSEN VCoE as well. In order to facilitate the task we would ask partners to use the following tables 1) to provide relevant information about the interoperability issues within a given sector of digital preservation and list related models, services and standards that are in use within their organization to address the identified challenge; 2) share or link to relevant resources (e.g. deliverables, either internal or external to the APARSEN project, papers, project/initiatives Websites and so on) on interoperability models, standards and services in digital preservation.

Few keywords, which can help to address the task, are described in the brief glossary available at http://aparsen.digitalpreservation.eu/pub/Main/ApanWp25/Task2510_Glossary.doc;

Digital Preservation Area Interoperability issue/challenge Interoperability objects Interoperability level Adopted solution/ model/ standard /service Contributor
Persistent Identifiers Interoperability between persistent IDs for researchers Persistent IDs for researchers Syntactic/Semantic ORCID registry: a registry of persistent unique identifiers for individual researchers and an open and transparent linking mechanism between ORCID, other ID schemes, and research objects such as publications, grants, and patents. UNITN
Provenance Exchange and integration of provenance information provenance metadata Syntactic/Semantic Use models that are commonly used, establish and exploit mappings between these models. For details see the APARSEN deliverable ID2401 Report on provenance interoperability and mappings link

References on Interoperability services, models, standards, initiatives Description Link Contributor
OAI-PMH The Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH) is a low-barrier mechanism for repository interoperability. Data Providers are repositories that expose structured metadata via OAI-PMH. Service Providers then make OAI-PMH service requests to harvest that metadata. OAI-PMH is a set of six verbs or services that are invoked within HTTP. http://www.openarchives.org/pmh/ Jeffrey van der Hoeven
Institutional Repositories, Long Term Preservation and the changing nature of Scholarly Publications The paper describes the situation in the Netherlands where more than one organization is responsible for keeping the relationship between data and publications http://journals.tdl.org/jodi/article/view/1764/1851  
Various provenance models and standards (Open Provenance Model (OPM), ISO 21127 (CIDOC CRM), CIDOC CRM Provenir, Provenance Vocbulary, Dublin Core, PREMIS, etc) are described in For details see the APARSEN deliverable ID2401 Report on provenance interoperability and mappings link   link  
Open Archives Initiative Object Reuse and Exchange (OAI-ORE) OAI-ORE defines standards for the description and exchange of aggregations of Web resources. These aggregations, sometimes called compound digital objects, may combine distributed resources with multiple media types including text, images, data, and video. The goal of these standards is to expose the rich content in these aggregations (i.e. the costituents of the aggregation) to applications that support authoring, deposit, exchange, visualization, reuse, and preservation. The essence of the OAI-ORE solution is based on the Linked Data approach by using different Cool URIs to identify the Aggregation (the resource) and a description of it (the resource map). http://www.openarchives.org/ore/ Jeffrey van der Hoeven
STITCH: Semantic Interoperability To access Cultural Heritage The main goal of the project is to develop theory, methods and tool to promote semantic interoperability for metadata vocabularies. The project aims at investigating ways to represent metadata and vocabularies in RDF/OWL formats, which allow the building of resources linked at a semantic level. The starting point is the ontology mapping approaches of the Semantic Web. http://www.cs.vu.nl/STITCH/ Jeffrey van der Hoeven
The Open Provenance Model (OPM) The Open Provenance Model (OPM) is a community-driven model for provenance, which originates from the Provenance Challenge series, allowing provenance to be exchanged between systems. The model provides a common semantics, based on causality graphs, which allows to express all the causes o fan item. http://openprovenance.org/  
Data Access and Interoperability Task Force (DAITF) DAITF is an international group, which involves researchers, operators of elements of data infrastructure, and policy makers, devoted to promoting incremental improvements in data infrastructures to enhance the accessibility and interoperability of data at a global scale. The main objective of this group is to ensure the development of data infrastructures, which allow maximum access and interoperability across system boundaries. http://www.daitf.org/ Yannis (FORTH)
Dataweb Forum For Scientific Data Exchange And Interoperability The DataWeb forum is a non-profit voluntary organization the foundation of which has been recently proposed in a concept paper by Chris Greer from the National Institute of Standards and Technology and Alan Blatecky of the National Science Foundation. The idea behind the DataWeb Forum is to establish an organization to facilitate the exchange and interoperation of scientific data across disciplines and national boundaries by creating an open, seamless, self-regulatory global digital data infrastructure that is the foundation for discovery and progress. The DWF, which is envisioned not as a standard body but as an open voluntary organization, will pursue its mission for harmonizing standards, policies and technologies, and other implementation elements primarily through the development of action plans and associated working groups. http://www.cni.org/news/dataweb-forum-for-scientific-data-exchange-and-interoperability/ Yannis (FORTH)
D13.1: Intermediate report about the coordination of common standards The report provides a preliminary overview about standards, recommendations and projects dedicated to preservation activities in the different domains and stakeholders communities. http://aparsen.digitalpreservation.eu/pub/Main/ApanWp13/APARSEN-REP-D13_1-01-1_0-M16.pdf  

Syntactic interoperability

OAI-PMH : http://www.openarchives.org/pmh/

The Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH) is a low-barrier mechanism for repository interoperability. Data Providers are repositories that expose structured metadata via OAI-PMH. Service Providers then make OAI-PMH service requests to harvest that metadata. OAI-PMH is a set of six verbs or services that are invoked within HTTP.

OAI-ORE : http://www.openarchives.org/ore/

Open Archives Initiative Object Reuse and Exchange (OAI-ORE) defines standards for the description and exchange of aggregations of Web resources. These aggregations, sometimes called compound digital objects, may combine distributed resources with multiple media types including text, images, data, and video. The goal of these standards is to expose the rich content in these aggregations to applications that support authoring, deposit, exchange, visualization, reuse, and preservation. Although a motivating use case for the work is the changing nature of scholarship and scholarly communication, and the need for cyberinfrastructure to support that scholarship, the intent of the effort is to develop standards that generalize across all web-based information including the increasing popular social networks of “web 2.0”.

Semantic interoperability

STITCH project : http://www.cs.vu.nl/STITCH/

Cultural-heritage collections are typically indexed with metadata derived from a range of different vocabularies, such as AAT, Iconclass and in-house standards. This presents a problem when one wants to use multiple collections in an interoperable way. In general, it is unrealistic to assume unification of vocabularies. Vocabularies have been developed in many sub-domains, each with their own emphasis and scope. Still, there is significant overlap between the vocabularies used for indexing. The prime research objective of this subproject is to develop theory, methods and tools for allowing metadata interoperability through semantic links between the vocabularies. This research challenge is similar to what is called the “ontology mapping” problem in Semantic Web research.

-- YannisTzitzikas - 2012-12-16

Topic revision: r1 - 2012-12-16 - YannisTzitzikas
 
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